The Scramble for African Oil: Oppression, Corruption and War

Format: Hardcover

Language: English

Format: PDF / Kindle / ePub

Size: 10.32 MB

Downloadable formats: PDF

In that case, the Federal program would not produce new knowledge that could not be developed by the private sector, but would simply reduce private R&D costs.” [1010] [1011] [1012] [1013] [1014] [1015] * From 2007 to 2012, companies in the S.&P. 500 paid an average of 29% in federal, state, local, and foreign corporate income taxes. [1016] [1017] Among large oil companies in the S.&P. 500, the average corporate income tax rate was 37%. [1018] * The burden of corporate income taxes falls upon: (1) business owners in the form of decreased profits, (2) workers in the form of reduced wages, and (3) possibly consumers in the form of higher prices. [1019] [1020] * The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that 75% of corporate income taxes are borne by owners/stockholders and 25% are borne by workers. [1021] Other creditable sources estimate that owners/stockholders bear anywhere from 33% to 100% of this tax burden. [1022] For more detail, see Just Facts’ research on tax distribution. * Excise taxes are similar to sales taxes, except that they are imposed on specific goods and services. [1023] [1024] * In addition to raising government revenue, excise taxes are sometimes levied to discourage or penalize certain activities. [1025] [1026] [1027] Per the U.

Pages: 272

Publisher: Pluto Press (January 12, 2012)

ISBN: 0745330460

Regional Business Directory - Quebec

Outage: Investment shortfalls in the power sector in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Directions in Development)

Profit from the Peak: The End of Oil and the Greatest Investment Event of the Century

Social entrepreneurship in sustainable development of Sub-Sahara: The cases of Riders for Health, Camfed International and Lifeline Energy

Fire In The Night - The Piper Alpha Disaster

Oil shale with this oil-generating potential (≥25 GPT) is often described as high grade.” c) Report: “January 2016 Monthly Energy Review.” U. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Statistics, January 27, 2016. < > [368] Calculated with data from: a) Report: “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources: An Assessment of 137 Shale Formations in 41 Countries Outside the United States.” U Enron: The Rise and Fall read epub read epub. All forms of energy are either potential energy (e.g. Chemical, gravitational, electrical energy, temperature differential, latent heat, etc.) or kinetic energy (e.g. momentum ) Lost, Stolen or Betrayed?: Gordon Brown As Socialist Pretender (Socialist Renewal) The graphite, which is purchased by Samsung and LG Chem, is a key ingredient in lithium batteries for mobile phones and electric cars. (Michael Robinson Chavez/The Washington Post) A trace of graphite is in consumer tech. In these Chinese villages, it’s everywhere online. Approximately 83,000 of the bird fatalities are raptors such as hawks, eagles, owls and falcons, which are protected under federal and state laws. [1063] [1064] * An investigation published by the Associated Press in May 2014 found that: wind farms in Converse County, Wyoming, “have killed more than four dozen golden eagles since 2009….” “The Obama administration has charged oil companies for drowning birds in their waste pits, and power companies for electrocuting birds on power lines New generation photovoltaics: download for free The interactive emphasizes two aspects of this lesson: that electricity comes from a variety of sources and that different energy sources have different consequences for the environment. Prior to doing the interactive, students will read a short article on electricity, partly so that they can personally relate to the lesson, and also to point out that this "power" comes from various energy resources Electric Vehicle Business Models: Global Perspectives (Lecture Notes in Mobility) The assets to be financed essentially serve as collateral for the loans, with liability for the loans either excluded completely (non-recourse financing) or limited (limited-recourse financing) , source: Marcellus Shale Gas download online

OPEC produced about 42% of the world’s crude oil from 2000 to 2014. Prices of the many crude oil streams produced globally tend to move closely together, although there are persistent differentials between light-weight, low-sulfur (light-sweet) grades and heavier, higher-sulfur (heavy-sour) crudes that are lower in quality. … Both crude oil and petroleum product prices can be affected by events that have the potential to disrupt the flow of oil and products to market, including geopolitical and weather-related developments , e.g. Unitization of Oil and Gas Fields in Texas: A Study of Legislative, Administrative, and Judicial Policies (RFF Energy Policy Set) download epub. Additionally, DOE develops energy conservation standards for appliances and equipment, which have cut consumers’ electricity bills by hundreds of billions of dollars. Taken together, the final energy conservation standards completed during this Administration add up to more than 2 billion metric tons of carbon emissions by 2030, and we are on track to meet the Climate Action Plan’s goal of cutting 3 billion metric tons of energy waste by 2030 , source: Making the Most of the Water We Have: The Soft Path Approach to Water Management

Hacia el Futuro: 26 (Advances in Global Change Research)

Energy and Industry (Longman co-ordinated geography)

There are far more bituminous coal mines in the United States than the other ranks (over 90% of total mines), but subbituminous mines (located predominantly in Wyoming and Montana) produce more coal because their average size is much larger. [513] Report: “Annual Energy Review 2011.” U , source: Electricity Information 2012 According to the IPCC, humankind cannot emit more than 1,000 giga-tonnes of CO2 from now, if we are to stay within this limit. At the current and projected rate of consumption, this entire carbon budget will be used by 2040. Dynamic change is happening in energy supply, but the change needs to happen faster. this Energy [R]evolution scenario proposes a pathway to a 100% sustainable energy supply, ending CO2 emissions and phasing out nuclear energy, and making redundant new oil exploration in the arctic and deep sea waters such as off the coast of Brazil download. The downstream process in petroleum industry also includes the final product distribution and its marketing. Thus it is the intermediate step between the suppliers and the customers. Heat Recovery Steam Generators Market - Global Industry Analysis, Market Share, Drivers, Restraints, Growth and Forecast, 2013 - 2019 Inclination towards cleaner and more energy-efficient options for generating power has resulted in the growth of the heat recovery steam generator’s market ref.: Nuclear Roulette: The Truth about the Most Dangerous Energy Source on Earth download online. We’ve also intervened to force the California Energy Commission to consider greenhouse gas emissions for the Carlsbad Energy Center Project, a proposed power plant for San Diego County that would rely on liquefied natural gas as a fossil fuel , e.g. Petroleum, Gas and Development read epub read epub. As the ice retreats permanetly, the Arctic ocean will rapidly heat causing massive ocean circulation changes and global weather changes. Predictions for this to occur within 10 to 20 years puts the side-effect of fossil fuel burning right up there with peak oil Smart Grid Applications and Developments (Green Energy and Technology) Environmental Protection Agency.” [456] Compared to a similarly equipped Honda Civic EX, the natural gas model: * Based on the average nationwide prices of gasoline and compressed natural gas in July 2013, the 2012 Civic Natural Gas would recoup the $5,650 cost premium over the standard model after 111,000 miles of driving. [461] * Based on the average nationwide prices of gasoline and compressed natural gas in 2015, the 2015 Civic Natural Gas would recoup the $5,700 cost premium over the standard model after more than two million miles of driving. [462] * In 2015, Honda announced it was cancelling the Civic Natural Gas after 2015 due to low gasoline prices and a lack of consumer demand. [463] * Per Vivek Chandra, a natural gas industry consultant and the author of Fundamentals of Natural Gas: [464] Natural gas holds the greatest promise as a fuel for fleet vehicles that refuel at a central location, such as transit buses, short-haul delivery vehicles, taxis, government cars, and light trucks , e.g. The New Great Game: Blood and Oil in Central Asia The New Great Game: Blood and Oil in.

Gas Service Technology: Basic Science and the Practice of Gas Service v. 1

The Taking of Getty Oil: The Full Story of the Most Spectacular - and Catastrophic - Takeover of All Time

Technology and Energy Sources Monitoring: Control, Efficiency, and Optimization (Premier Reference Source)

Handbook of Energy for World Agriculture

The American Coal Industry, 1790-1902

European Energy Law Report IV

The Oil Syndrome and Agricultural Development: Lessons from Tabasco, Mexico

The history of the linseed oil industry in the United States.

ENSCO: The First 20 Years

The Seven Sisters

Oil and Gas: Crises and Controversies 1961-2000, Volume 2: Europe's Entanglement

Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (Technical Reports Series (International Atomic Energy Agency))

Is the Gas Supply Market a Natural Monopoly? (Technical Papers)

Whom the Gods Would Destroy or How Not to Deregulate

Damming the Three Gorges: What dam-builders don't want you to know : a critique of the Three Gorges Water Control Project feasibility study

Pipe Dreams: 7 Pipelines of Career Success

Oil Information 2009 / Donnees Sur le Petrole 2009: With 2008 Data

The Rise and Progress of the Standard Oil Company

The Seven Sisters (Teach Yourself)

Europe's Largest Energy Companies 2008: Corporate Snapshots

Learn about the new wave of renewable energy technologies that aim to produce energy that's clean, renewable, and most importantly, affordable. Learn how a geothermal power plant works. The energy carried through ocean waves offers great opportunity. Learn about wave power systems that make use of the motion of the waves to generate electricity. Ever wondered how does a growing crop turn into a liquid that fuels my car Code of Federal Regulations, download epub Rigs are huge structures that are used in the process of extraction of crude oil from oil wellbore , e.g. Economics, Modeling, Planning read online Wind power is limited to areas with high consistent winds, and so is limited to very specific areas. The wind mills are not aesthetically pleasing to look at at, make a lot of noise and kill large numbers of birds, all problems that would need to be overcome to expand this resource. As for hydroelectric resources, they will not likely increase, since most rivers are already dammed and there are few places left where new hydroelectric facilities could be built Plunkett's Energy Industry read for free read for free. Costs are minimized by operating units with the lowest fuel costs for the most hours in the year (i.e., at a high capacity factor) Dysfunction: Canada after download epub Dysfunction: Canada after Keystone XL. SWFs can be used as tools to decrease economic dependence on oil and gas and to promote renewable energies. For example, Abu Dhabi’s green energy firm Masdar, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the state-owned company Mubadala, is developing Masdar City, a zero- carbon, zero-waste city based on solar energy and other renewable technologies.4 Likewise, Saudi Arabia is investing in solar energy as a way to diversify its energy sources and contribute to industrial growth and productivity , source: Energy Companies and Market read epub read epub. In particular, valuation of commodities bought under moving average or highly fluctuating price negotiations can cause difficulties for the customs authorities , e.g. Financial and Fiscal read online Coal has been booming in Appalachia for decades, yet it is one of the poorest areas in the country. Shouldn’t all of that coal-mining activity have made the residents and miners rich? One recent study compared poverty rates in WV coal-mining counties to poverty in WV counties without mining , cited: Nuclear Power Reactors in the World April 2004 download here. What a low EROEI does indicate is that fossil fuel resources are being depleted at a faster rate; the lower the EROEI the faster the depletion. Thus, lower EROEI projects are generally worse from an environmental/greenhouse gas emissions point of view , source: A New Architecture for EU Gas read here read here. Capturing and burning the gas to produce usable heat and power prevents the methane from being released from the landfill or feedlot into the atmosphere directly. S. dependence on fossil fuels, several options exist to begin the necessary transition away from a harmful fossil fuel economy , e.g. Concentrating Solar Power Technology: Principles, Developments and Applications (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy) A User Guide for the EERE Exchange can be found on the EERE website after logging in to the system. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), within the U , e.g. Renewable Electricity read epub Renewable Electricity Generation:. Generally, these pipelines are buried under the ground at a depth of one to two metres. Subsea Injection Systems Market - Global Industry Analysis, Market Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2015 - 2023 Subsea injection technology offers major advantages over fixed production platforms mainly in remote offshore locations, where strong ocean currents, deep water and harsh weather conditions is expected to occur and installation of pipelines becomes difficult ref.: International Oil and Gas download online